dimanche 3 avril 2016

258 The American Polish Committee (1831)

An organisation supporting the Poles against Russia between 1830 and 1850: the American Polish Committee

This is a translation of the page Le Comité polonais américain (blog Frédéric Chopin, Questions historiques et biographiques).
Elementary information
The American Polish Committee was founded at the end of 1830 or at the beginning of 1831 in New-York.
*Samuel Gridley Howe (1801-1876), 
*James Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851), who was then in Paris as a friend of La Fayette, 

Other information
*James W. Trent, The Manliest Man: Samuel G. Howe and the Contours of Nineteenth-century Reform, Boston, University of Massachusetts Press, 2012, pp. 55-57, 284
#Samuel Howe came in relation with the New-York Committee in May 1831.
#The Committee, which was in relation with La Fayette and Cooper in Paris, had a reunion in the Clinton Hall (New-York) on the 5 September 1831; Howe received the mission to bring to Europe the money collected in the USA in order to help the insurgents of the kingdom of Poland, but he reached France in October, after they had been defeated.
#At the beginning of 1832, Howe met Joachim Lelewel, president of the Polish National Committee in Paris.
#At the end of  February 1832, Howe was in Prussia, inquiring about the methods for teaching blind people and at the same time distributing money to Polish refugees; he was arrested on the 3rd of March and incarcerated (without charge) in isolation during 4 weeks ; the American ambassador in Paris was informed about his disappearance by Howe’s friend William Rives; after a press campaign, Howe was liberated and expulsed from the kingdom of Prussia (coming back in 1843, he was not allowed to go through the frontier, even for a touristic trip).

*Jerzy Jan Lerski, A Polish Chapter in Jacksonian America: The United States and the Polish Exiles of 1831, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1958

Création : 3 April 2016
Updating : 1° July 2017
Author : Jacques Richard
Blog : Sur Frédéric Chopin Questions historiques et biographiques
Page : 258 The American Polish Committee (1831)
Liink: http://surfredericchopin.blogspot.fr/2016/04/the-american-polish-committee-1831.html

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